GK Update 22nd & 23rd November 2020

1A. Assam’s Longest Served CM Tarun Gogoi Passes Away At 86

Former Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi on life support, extremely critical

Former Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi passed away on Monday. He was 86.

He is survived by his wife, son, daughter, daughter-in-law and grand-children.

Gogoi was admitted to Gauhati Medical College and Hospital (GMCH) to ICU on November 1 for the second time after he recovered from COVID-19.

He was under the supervision of 9 doctors in his residence post COVID-19 recovery and admitted to the hospital after his health deteriorated.

He was under mechanical ventilation at GMCH. He suffered from multiple organ failure and breathed his last at 5.34 pm, Health minister Himanta Biswa Sarma said.

Born on 11 October 1934, Tarun Gogoi remained the Chief Minister of Assam from 2001 to 2016, making him the longest serving chief minister of the state for fifteen consecutive years.

The Indian National Congress leader guided the party to three consecutive electoral victories in the state. He did his primary schooling from No.26 Rangajan Nimna Buniyadi Vidyalaya. He completed his LLB from Gauhati University, Assam in 1963.

1B. Northeast Gets First Cow Hospital In Assam

Northeast Gets First Cow Hospital In Assam - Pratidin Time

A cow shelter in Dibrugarh was inaugurated on Sunday making it Northeast’s first-ever cow hospital, news agency ANI reported.

The cow hospital was launched on the occasion of Gopashtami.

The hospital called Surbhi Aarogyashala, is set up by Shree Gopal Gaushala at a cost of Rs 17 lakh.

“On the auspicious occasion of Gopashtami, we have inaugurated the first hospital for cows in the Northeast. The hospital will provide services in 30 km radius,” Nirmal Bediya, manager of Shree Gopal Gaushal told ANI.

There are 368 cows in the shelter, the report added.

1. India becomes 4th nation to get IMO nod for navigation satellite system

  • The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) has been recognised by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) as a part of the World Wide Radio Navigation System (WWRNS) for operation in the Indian Ocean Region.
  • India has become the fourth country in the world to have its independent regional navigation satellite system recognised by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO).
  • The other three countries that have its navigation systems recognised by the IMO are the US, Russia and China.
  • The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) was designed to provide accurate position information services to assist in the navigation of ships in Indian Ocean waters.
  • The Director-General of Shipping (DGS) had approached the IMO for granting recognition to the IRNSS as a component of the WWRNS, similar to the US-owned Global Position System (GPS) or Russia’s Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) – a process that took two years.
  • The IRNSS was a modern and more accurate navigation system and at any given time, there are at least 2,500 merchant vessels in Indian waters that will now be able to use the system.
  • The IRNSS will be used to assist in the navigation of ships in ocean waters within the area of approximately 1,500 km from the Indian boundary.

2. PM Modi laid the foundation stone of rural drinking water supply projects in UP

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone of rural drinking water supply projects in Mirzapur and Sonbhadra districts of Vindhyachal region in Uttar Pradesh via video conference.
  • The total estimated cost of the projects is around Rs 5,555.38 Crore.
  • The projects will provide household tap water connections in all rural households of 2,995 villages and will benefit about 42 lakh population of these districts.
  • Village Water and Sanitation Committees/ Paani Samiti have been constituted in all these villages, who will shoulder the responsibility of operation and maintenance.
  • The projects are planned to be completed in 24 months.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams:

  • Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh: Yogi Aditya Nath; Governor: Anandiben Patel.

3. 2nd Trilateral Maritime Exercise SITMEX-20 held in Andaman Sea

  • The 2nd edition of India, Singapore and Thailand Trilateral Maritime Exercise SITMEX-20 was conducted from in the Andaman Sea.
  • The 2020 edition of the exercise is being hosted by Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN).
  • Indian Navy (IN) Ships including indigenously built ASW corvette Kamorta and missile corvette Karmuk participated in the exercise.
  • The SITMEX series of exercises are conducted to enhance mutual inter-operability between IN, RSN and Royal Thai Navy (RTN) and also strengthen mutual confidence and develop common understanding and procedures towards enhancing the overall maritime security in the region.
  • The first edition of SITMEX was hosted by Indian Navy in 2019 off Port Blair.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams:

  • Prime Minister of Thailand: Prayut Chan-o-cha.
  • Thailand Capital: Bangkok.
  • Thailand Currency: Thai baht.
  • Singapore Currency: Singapore dollar.
  • Singapore Capital: Singapore.
  • Prime Minister of Singapore: Lee Hsien Loong.

4. Indian Navy gets 9th P-8I anti-submarine warfare aircraft

  • Indian Navy has got its ninth Boeing P-8I long-range maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare aircraft, part of the nearly $1 billion deal with the US for four additional planes signed in 2016.
  • India, which had first signed a contract for eight such aircraft in 2009, is also negotiating a deal for six more P-8Is with the US under the government-to-government route.
  • While the ninth aircraft was scheduled to be handed over to the Indian Navy in July this year, the Covid pandemic delayed plans. The remaining three are scheduled to be handed over to India in 2021. Incidentally, the aircraft, the latest of which landed at INS Hansa in Goa.
  • The P-8I is equipped for long-range anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance in support of the broad area, maritime and littoral operations.
  • Incidentally, its communication and sensor suite includes indigenous equipment developed by defence PSUs and private manufacturers.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams: 

  • Chief of Naval Staff: Admiral Karambir Singh.

5. 15th G20 Summit held under the chairmanship of Saudi Arabia

  • The 15th G20 Summit was held under the chairmanship of Saudi Arabia. King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia chaired the Summit through video-conferencing, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • The two-day Summit was held under the theme “Realising the Opportunities of the 21st Century for All”.
  • The focus of the G20 Summit was on an inclusive, resilient, and sustainable recovery from the COVID-19 and the leaders discussed pandemic preparedness and the ways and means to restore jobs.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi, participated in the Summit along with the respective Heads of State/ Government of 19 member countries, EU, other invited countries and international organizations.
  • Italy will take over the Presidency of the 16th G20 on 1st December 2020.

6. LIC launches 1st digital app ‘ANANDA’

  • Life Insurance Corporation of India has launched a digital application for agents for onboarding to get a life insurance policy.
  • The Digital Application is called “ANANDA”, which is an acronym for Atma Nirbhar Agents NewBusiness Digital Application.
  • The Digital application is a tool for the onboarding process to get the life insurance policy through a paperless module with the help of the agent or intermediary.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams: 

  • Life Insurance Corporation of India Headquarters: Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  • Life Insurance Corporation of India Chairperson: M R Kumar.
  • Life Insurance Corporation of India Founded: 1 September 1956.

7. Department of Fisheries presents first Fisheries Awards

  • Department of Fisheries presents Fisheries Sector Awards for the first time on the occasion of the ‘World Fisheries Day’, to recognise their accomplishments in the field and their contribution into the growth of the sector.
  • The Department of Fisheries under the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying awarded best performing States, Organisations and Districts for 2019-20. 

8. Naseeruddin Shah honoured with Aditya Vikram Birla Kalashikhar Puraskar

  • Veteran actor Naseeruddin Shah has been honoured with the 2020 Aditya Vikram Birla Kalashikhar Puraskar at annual Sangit Kala Kendra Awards.
  • Alongside, two emerging stars, in the firmament of theatrics – Neel Choudhary and Irawati Karnik were awarded the Aditya Vikram Birla Kalakiran Puraskars.
  • “Theatre” is the central theme, for this year’s awards.
  • The Aditya Vikram Birla Kalashikhar and Kalakiran Puraskar awards, were instituted in 1996 by the Sangeet Kala Kendra (SKK), which was founded in 1973 by Aditya Vikram Birla (former Chairman of Aditya Birla Group), to honor excellence in theatre and performing arts.

9. NASA-ESA successfully launches Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite

  • The US space agency NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) successfully launched ‘Copernicus Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite’, to monitor the rising global sea level.
  • The joint US-European satellite lifted off on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Space Launch Complex 4E at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.
  • The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite will help to enhance weather forecasts and provide detailed information on large-scale ocean currents to support ship navigation near coastlines.
  • The US-EU collaboration for the monitoring of sea-level record began in 1992 with the TOPEX/Poseidon satellite and followed by Jason-1 (2001), OSTM/Jason-2 (2008), and eventually, Jason-3 (2016).
  • This Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite will be followed in 2025 by its twin, Sentinel-6B.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams: 

  • The administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Jim Bridenstine.
  • Headquarters of NASA: Washington D.C., United States.

10. EIU’s Worldwide Cost of Living (WCOL) Index 2020 announced

  • The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) has released its biannual ‘Worldwide Cost of Living (WCOL)’ report of the World’s Most Expensive Cities in 2020, based on their cost of living.
  • Hong Kong (China), Paris (France) and Zurich (Switzerland) share the top spot as the most expensive cities in the list, which comprises of 133 cities.
  • Damascus (Syria), Taskent (Uzbekistan), Lusaka (Zambia) ranked the last three spot as the most cheapest cities in the list, which comprises of 133 cities.
  • The report took into account the price of 138 items, used in every day for survival, and the falling or rising value of that country’s currency due to Covid to rank the cities accordingly.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams:

  • Economist Intelligence Unit Headquarters: London, United Kingdom.
  • Economist Intelligence Unit Founded: 1946.

11. Sahitya Academy award winner Shaik Khaja Hussain passes away

  • Noted Telugu poet, journalist, scriptwriter, and Kendra Sahitya Academy award winner Shaik Khaja Hussain, popularly known as Devi Priya, passed away.
  • He was born in Tadikonda in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. He bagged the Sahitya Akademi Award 2017, for his book Gaali Rangu.
  • His “Running Commentary” on contemporary politics in Udayam Telugu daily was very popular and thought-provoking.

12. India’s first ‘Moss Garden’ comes up in Nainital district

  • The Uttarakhand forest department has dedicated the newly-built Moss Garden to the people, claiming that it is the country’s first such garden, spread over 10 hectares in Kumaon’s Nainital district.
  • The moss garden, which took nearly a year to build, was inaugurated by Water Man of India Rajendra Singh.
  • The state forest department had approved research projects to study moss species, considered the most significant indicator of ecosystem fluctuations as they are more sensitive towards habitat and climate changes.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams:

  • Uttarakhand Chief Minister: Trivendra Singh Rawat.
  • Governor of Uttarakhand: Baby Rani Maurya.

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